castle keep synonym

[32], Stone keep construction required skilled craftsmen. A keep (from the Middle English kype) is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility. Fallen rocks are impeding the progress of rescue workers. Next summer's exams will be straightforward to administer. Continuing violence will retard negotiations. [25] These stone keeps were introduced into Ireland during the 1170s following the Norman occupation of the east of the country, where they were particularly popular amongst the new Anglo-Norman lords. [83], The French model spread into Iberia in the second half of the century, where the most powerful nobles in Castile built a number of similar tall keeps, such as that at Peñafiel, taking advantage of the weakness of the Castilian Crown during the period. to maintain by writing regular records in. [109] The interest continued and, in the late 18th and 19th century, it became fashionable to build intact, replica castles in England, resulting in what A. Rowan has called the Norman style of new castle building, characterised by the inclusion of large keeps; the final replica keep to be built in this way was at Penrhyn between 1820 and 1840. But French designs in the late 12th century took the layout of a contemporary unfortified manor house, whose rooms faced around a central, rectangular courtyard, and built a wall around them to form a castle. [27][nb 3], The reasons for the transition from timber to stone keeps are unclear, and the process was slow and uneven, taking many years to take effect across the various regions. He limited payments on the country's foreign debt. [110], Where there was an existing castle on a site, another response across 19th-century Europe was to attempt to improve the buildings, bringing their often chaotic historic features into line with a more integrated architectural aesthetic, in a style often termed Gothic Revivalism. Few people at the conference heeded her warning. The Castle in England and Wales: An Interpretative History. (dated) Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion. Embarrassment has kept me from doing all sorts of things. Castles of Europe: From Charlemagne to the Renaissance. Castles in Ireland: Feudal Power in a Gaelic World. Thousands of people took to the streets to mark the occasion. Read our series of blogs to find out more. [52], During the second half of the 12th century, a range of new keep designs began to appear across France and England, breaking the previous unity of the regional designs. an agreement to supply the library with new computers. Today's meeting must focus on checking the spread of violence. [115], Type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility, "Donjon" and "Castle keep" redirect here. The space on top of the mound is enclosed by a palisade of very strong hewn logs, strengthened at intervals by as many towers as their means can provide. He must learn to curb that temper of his. The Medieval Castle in England and Wales: a Social and Political History. [79], The resurgence in French keep design began after the defeat of the royal armies at the battles of Crécy in 1346 and Poitiers in 1356, which caused high levels of social unrest across the remaining French territories. Kaufmann and Kaufmann, p.109; Purton, p.195. [44] The interior of the keep at Hedingham could certainly have hosted impressive ceremonies and events, but contained numerous flaws from a military perspective. Buildings could then be built around the inside of the shell, producing a small inner courtyard at the centre. 2 a large impressive residence. As a result of the Norman invasion of 1066, use spread into Wales during the second half of the 11th century and into Ireland in the 1170s. [62] Wooden keeps on mottes ceased to be built across most of England by the 1150s, although they continued to be erected in Wales and along the Welsh Marches. The corners of square keeps were theoretically vulnerable to siege engines and galleried mining, but before the introduction of the trebuchet at the end of the 12th century, early artillery stood little practical chance of damaging the keeps, and galleried mining was rarely practised. Free room and board are provided for all hotel staff. Medieval Warfare: Theory and Practice of War in Europe, 300–1500. (2003). [67] Even formidable military designs such as that at Château Gaillard were built with political effect in mind. Copyright © 2016 by HarperCollins Publishers. In Spain, keeps were increasingly incorporated into both Christian and Islamic castles, although in Germany tall fighting towers called bergfriede were preferred to keeps in the western fashion. Castle synonyms. [47], The second early stone design, emerging from the 12th century onwards, was the shell keep, a donjon annulaire in French, which involved replacing the wooden keep on a motte, or the palisade on a ringwork, with a circular stone wall. a bridge that can be pulled up to let ships pass or to stop people getting into a castle. There are many diverse influences on the way that English is used across the world today. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! [85] The French model of tall keeps was also echoed in some German castles, such as that at Karlštejn, although the layout and positioning of these towers still followed the existing bergfried model, rather than that in western castles. [50] Restormel Castle is a classic example of this development, as is the later Launceston Castle; prominent Normandy and Low Country equivalents include Gisors and the Burcht van Leiden – these castles were amongst the most powerful fortifications of the period. (obsolete) That which is kept in charge; a charge. everything that is necessary for the sustenance of the offspring, troops occupied the first two floors of the tower. Synonyms for castle. He genuinely loved and cherished his children. The new rules could arrest the development of good research. Up to £350,000 has been spent on travel and subsistence. My father never kept the Sabbath and I never did either. All the necessary conditions were fulfilled. [68], During most of the medieval period, Iberia was divided between Christian and Islamic kingdoms, neither of which traditionally built keeps, instead building watchtowers or mural towers. [40] Many of the weaknesses inherent to their design were irrelevant during the early part of their history. Definition. Hundreds of people defied army orders to stay at home. Despite further damage to many French and Spanish keeps during the wars of the 20th century, keeps now form an important part of the tourist and heritage industry in Europe. [80] The Château de Vincennes, where a new keep was completed under Charles by 1380, was the first example of these palace fortresses. One traditional explanation for these developments emphasises the military utility of the new approaches, arguing, for example, that the curved surfaces of the new keeps helped to deflect attacks, or that they drew on lessons learnt during the Crusades from Islamic practices in the Levant. You should always maintain your friendships. Some protective walls around a keep would be large enough to have a wall-walk around them, and the outer walls of the motte and the wall-walk could be strengthened by filling in the gap between the wooden walls with earth and stones, allowing it to carry more weight – this was called a garillum. #*:Of course boys are boys and need watching, but there is little watching necessary when they, #*{{quote-news, year=2011, date=December 14, author=Steven Morris, work=(. (chess, informal) A rook; a chess piece shaped like a castle tower. The royalty and the very wealthiest in France, England and Spain, however, began to construct a small number of keeps on a much larger scale than before, in England sometimes termed tower keeps, as part of new palace fortresses. [2] By the 19th century, Victorian historians incorrectly concluded that the etymology of the words "keep" and tenazza were linked and that all keeps had fulfilled this military function. It sells everything from hair ribbons to oriental rugs. Could you mind the shop while I'm out, please? in architecture, a crenellated wall or castle has battlements. The food or money required to keep someone alive and healthy; one's support, maintenance. (of food) to stay in good condition for a certain time. To confine oneself to; not to quit; to remain in. The shop stocks everything from chocolate to recycled loo paper. Architecture of England, Scotland, and Wales. Liddiard (2005), p.34; Pettifer (2000a), p.xiii; Turner, p.27.

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